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The Hague: Chile vs Bolivia | Sea sovereignty

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Chile argued in The Hague on Thursday that it had no obligation to negotiate access to the Pacific Ocean with Bolivia, saying the matter had been settled by a peace treaty more than a decade ago.


Bolivia, which lost former coastal territory during a war in the 19th century, argued earlier this week that Chile has not kept later diplomatic promises and obligations under international law to negotiate over "sovereign access" - presumably a land corridor and port under its control.


The issue has been a recurring bone of contention between the Andean neighbors over decades.


Bolivia, which still retains a navy, wants a corridor to the sea to boost its exports of natural gas and minerals. Chile argues Bolivia already has access on favorable terms.


"The treaty is in effect and the border between Chile and Bolivia was agreed upon with clarity and in perpetuity. It's time Bolivia stopped confusing its own aspirations with Chile's obligations," Chilean President Sebastian Pinera said after watching the arguments from Santiago.


Claudio Grossman, who spoke for Chile before the court, said the South American nation had already granted Bolivia more than what is required by the 1904 peace treaty.


"Bolivia benefits from access without restrictions to ports" in Chile, Grossman said.


Lawyers for Bolivia earlier this week said the country was not asking "the court to rule on how sovereign access should be arranged ... but simply (to ensure) that Chile return to the negotiating table in good faith."


Bolivian President Evo Morales said from La Paz on Thursday that Chile's defense had made "much reference to the Treaty of 1904, suggesting that Chile complied perfectly with it." But Chile had offered "no guarantee of free movement of people or goods," he added.


Oral arguments run through March 28. Judges will the deliberate for several months before setting the date for a ruling.


The International Court of Justice is the United Nations' highest court for disputes between nations. Its rulings are binding and cannot be appealed, though countries have occasionally flouted them.


Personal point of view:


Since I live close to The Hague, this dispute really interested me. I investigated about it, there was a treaty about the Chile and Bolivia limits and is currently active. But Bolivia's president Evo Morales started to act like the victim, tagging Chile as the oppressor. In my opinion Bolivia is wrong acting like the victim and Chile is not obligated to make deals with Bolivia.

Edited by SeroH
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It's an interesting situation that tickles a bit of a parallel for what's happening up here in my neck of the woods - my province, BC, is pushing back on the creation of a pipeline that would allow transport of oil from another province, Alberta, to the Pacific.


It really serves to underline how important the Pacific is, and it'll be interesting to see just how ambitious Boliva really is. I'd be on the phone with Elon Musk, personally. ;)

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